A Dynamic Noise Primitive for Coherent Stylization

Computer Graphics Forum (Proceedings of the Eurographics Symposium on Rendering 2010), Volume 29, Number 4, page 1497--1506 - june 2010
Download the publication : BLVLDT10.pdf [9.5Mo]   BLVLDT10_auxiliary_material.pdf [1.9Mo]   BLVLDT10_cookbook.pdf [4.7Mo]  
We present a new solution for temporal coherence in non-photorealistic rendering (NPR) of animations. Given the conflicting goals of preserving the 2D aspect of the style and the 3D scene motion, any such solution is a trade-off. We observe that primitive-based methods in NPR can be seen as texture-based methods when using large numbers of primitives, leading to our key insight, namely that this process is similar to sparse convolution noise in procedural texturing. Consequently, we present a new primitive for NPR based on Gabor noise, that preserves the 2D aspect of noise, conveys the 3D motion of the scene, and is temporally continuous. We can thus use standard techniques from procedural texturing to create various styles, which we show for interactive NPR applications. We also present a user study to evaluate this and existing solutions, and to provide more insight in the trade-off implied by temporal coherence. The results of the study indicate that maintaining coherent motion is important, but also that our new solution provides a good compromise between the 2D aspect of the style and 3D motion.

Images and movies


See also

Online Video


Download the full version of the slides with the videos (220Mb)

User study


Styles cookbook with shaders

Related project

Original Gabor noise paper: “Procedural Noise using Sparse Gabor Convolution”, Lagae et al. 2009

BibTex references

  author       = "B\'enard, Pierre and Lagae, Ares and Vangorp, Peter and Lefebvre, Sylvain and Drettakis, George and Thollot, Jo{\"e}lle",
  title        = "A Dynamic Noise Primitive for Coherent Stylization",
  journal      = "Computer Graphics Forum (Proceedings of the Eurographics Symposium on Rendering 2010)",
  number       = "4",
  volume       = "29",
  pages        = "1497--1506",
  month        = "june",
  year         = "2010",
  keywords     = "non-photorealistic rendering, expressive rendering, temporal coherence, noise, user study",
  url          = "http://artis.inrialpes.fr/Publications/2010/BLVLDT10"

Other publications in the database

» Pierre Bénard
» Ares Lagae
» Peter Vangorp
» Sylvain Lefebvre
» George Drettakis
» Joëlle Thollot